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While the potential of agriculture in Angola is huge, so are the threats. In particular, drought and floods endanger farmers’ harvests. Keeping farmers in business, even if disaster strikes, is a key task and a great opportunity for the fast growing Angolan insurance sector.
Zimbabwe supplies one third of tobacco worldwide. But not only is tobacco king in the country, fertile soils and a moderate climate make it perfect to grow maize, sugar cane, cassava, wheat, cotton, tea and oranges. Hail, drought, floods and storms endanger these crops and with it the core of Zimbabwe’s economy.
A large share of Cameroon’s income depends on the export of agriculture commodities, mainly cocoa, cotton and natural rubber. These segments can be deeply impacted if the threats of floods and drought in the country come to pass.
Climate and fertile soils are the backbones of the agricultural sector in Senegal. Groundnut, cotton, tobacco, fruits and vegetables are its main cash crops. Livestock contributes about 37% to agricultural value and 5.5% to GDP. Protecting these businesses against drought, floods and storm will be key for more development in the future.
Growth in agriculture is especially important, since seven out of ten Nigerians make their living working the land, and food is currently imported rather than shipped abroad. To make farming an attractive business, protection is required against the country’s key perils − windstorms and floods in the tropical south and droughts in the more arid north.
Livestock, corn, fruit, flowers, tea, coffee and vegetables – Kenya has it all. But its agricultural wealth is exposed to many hazards. Droughts frequently endanger large parts of the country and are the number one risk. Floods are also a common occurrence and have locally severe impacts.
Floods, cyclones, droughts and hail – these are the main threats to the core of Mozambique s economy: agriculture. Employing 80% of the workforce and generating 29% of country GDP, working the land is the pillar that supports large parts of business in the country.
Agriculture accounts for 13.2% of Bolivia’s GDP and employs one in three of the working population. Small-scale family farmers in the highlands make a substantial contribution to agricultural production. To protect these and other farmers against natural disasters, the Bolivian government has established an agriculture insurance programme. Such is the importance of the industry, demand for insurance continues to be high.
Agriculture employs one in four in Peru. A highly diversified sector, it includes all segments – from commercial to smallholder farming. Export income from coffee is important to the economy but at the same time it’s exposed to many perils: The coffee leaf rust outbreak in 2012/2013 was just the latest event to hit the sector
Agriculture is the vehicle for employment and economic growth in the Ivory Coast. Nearly seven out of ten work the land. Farming also contributes 27% to its GDP. A large share of the income depends on the exports of coffee and cocoa. The latter has a 40% share of the world market. These seemingly thriving agricultural sectors are subjected to the vagaries of nature, such as floods, droughts and wildfires.
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(Swiss Re Institute) Risk Dialogue Magazine
The Risk Dialogue Magazine is a newsletter exploring future risk topics, featuring multimedia articles from the Swiss Re Institute's events and insights from our global network of experts.
Our sigma publication series provides comprehensive information on the international insurance markets and analyses of economic trends and strategic issues in re/insurance and financial services.
Swiss Re Publications
Our publications share our expertise on issues of concern to our clients, the re/insurance industry and society - from food, health, longevity and financial security to managing climate and natural disaster risk.